Historically, the European Union has been fairly quick to place its economic action within a framework that has been designed to respect human rights: many of its policies have been imbued with the desire to ensure respect, both within the Union and towards third countries, for what are commonly known as its "values".


With the entry into force of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, this aspect of the process of European construction has become both visible and major. However, in the face of the crises - economic crisis, migration crisis, identity crisis - that are gripping the Union, it is becoming essential to discover a way to deploy its power and competences in order to meet the challenges that mark its present and future.


If human rights irrigate the public discourse by resembling political rhetoric, they are also grasped by the law. This diploma aims to provide students with a general and critical view of how European Union law (but also international law in the broadest sense) approaches human rights to the point of turning them into a technique for protection as well as a policy for promotion.


The added value of the diploma is based on a theoretical, practical and interdisciplinary approach to the issue. Courses will be given by lawyers (publicists and privatists), specialists in EU and international law, but also by political scientists. Each year, a visiting professor from a European or American university will give a course in English entitled 'Questioning European Integration and Human Rights', which will provide an opportunity to address major topical issues (terrorism, migration, the status of whistleblowers, the links between the economy and human rights, etc.).


The inclusion of courses in English shows the desire to prepare students as well as possible for a competitive world where the mastery of this language is near-mandatory as soon as one wishes to integrate European or international structures. As an "undifferentiated" Master's degree, it will allow students either to do an internship (with a view to rapid professional integration) or to write a research paper (with a view to continuing their studies with a doctorate or possibly a second M2).


Students will thus be able to specialise in the protection of human rights, a field which is becoming increasingly advanced (technically) and essential (politically) at national, European and international level. To this end, they will be trained in order to improve their mastery of legal reasoning, their research technique and their speaking skills.